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  1. Childhood Obesity Rates Are Still Rising

    By Alice Park

    The upward trend in obesity among children continues unabated, say researchers

    Recent reports have hinted that childhood obesity is beginning to improve in some U.S. cities, at least for the youngest kids who are preschool age. But for the entire population of children ages two to 19 years, the prevalence of overweight and obesity continue to climb, as they have been since 1999.

    That’s what Asheley Skinner, an associate professor medicine at Duke University, and her colleagues found when they analyzed obesity data from national surveys over the past 15 years. Since 1999, rates of overweight and obesity, as measured bybody mass index(BMI) from children’s height and weight, have continued to steadily increase. In the latest survey, conducted from 2013 to 2014, 33% of children were overweight, and 26% were considered obese. The prevalence of overweight and obesity increased steadily year by year from 1999 to 2014. For overweight, it went up from 28.8% in 1999 to 33.4%, and for the least severe type of obesity, from 14.6% to 17.4%. Even more concerning, the trend has also worsened among the most severely obese: children with BMI readings greater than 40 for their age group. The prevalence of this type of obesity increased from 0.9% in 1999 to 2.4% in 2014.

    The uptick comes despite more public awareness about the health risks of excess weight. In recent years, public policies have been put into place to reduce risk factors for obesity, such as elimination of trans fats from certain foods and improvements to school lunch. “What this tells me is that for kids with severe obesity, they aren’t being helped by small or single interventions,” says Skinner. “Choosing small things and doing small things is not enough for kids with severe obesity.” What’s needed, she says, is more coordination between doctors in the health care system and communities so that a child’s environment is more conducive to healthy living. For example, health insurance may pay for a visit to the doctor to treat diabetes, a consequence of obesity, but it won’t pay for a membership to the local Y where children can get exercise to keep their weight in control. What these data show, says Skinner, is that “obesity requires thinking at every level, and thinking across the entire population.”
    (Bản dịch đăng tại Thế Giới Quanh Ta)
  2. Tiger Mauls and Kills Keeper at Palm Beach Zoo
    By Kelli Kennedy / AP
    Florida Fish and Wildlife officials said they planned to investigate

    (MIAMI) — A Malayan tiger attacked and killed a veteran keeper Friday afternoon at a South Florida zoo, officials said.

    Stacey Konwiser, 38, was killed by the 13-year-old male tiger in an enclosure known as the night house that is not visible to the public, Palm Beach Zoo spokeswoman Naki Carter said. It’s where the tigers sleep and are fed. The tiger was tranquilized and authorities had to wait until the sedative took effect before they could come to Konwiser’s aid, West Palm Beach police spokeswoman Lori Colombino said.

    Media reports said guests were herded into the gift shop for a short time out of an abundance of caution. Police also confirmed that the tiger was in a contained area and guests were not at risk. “At no time was any guest or visitor in danger. At no time was any animal loose,” Carter said. The zoo said it will remain closed Friday, and Carter said they will make a determination about Saturday later.

    Zoo officials said Konwiser’s husband was also a zoo keeper there. Grief counselors had been sent in for the staff, and zoo officials said they were reaching out to Konwiser’s family members, who live out of state. They declined to comment on whether there had been other incidents with the tiger. Florida Fish and Wildlife officials said they planned to investigate. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration was also investigating.
    (Bản dịch đăng tại Thế Giới Quanh Ta)
  3. Teen Girl Dies After Fight in High School Bathroom
    By Maya Rhodan

    She was 16

    A 16-year-old girldied on Thursdayafter succumbing to injuries she sustained during an altercation in a Delaware high school bathroom.

    A fight broke out between a group of teenage girls at Howard High School of Technology in Wilmington at around 8:15 a.m. on Thursday, around the time the school day starts. One girl was seriously injured and had to be airlifted to a nearby hospital; it was there that the 16-year-old was pronounced dead, according to a
    statementfrom the school.

    The school remained closed throughout the day on Thursday and ahashtag featuring the nameof the student who died trended on Twitter. Images of both the girl and alleged scenes from the altercation were featured with some of the tweets. OnFacebook,a memorial page was set up to honor the young girl. There, people are being asked to contribute to a GoFundMe to help her family pay for a funeral; it is not clear if the family is aware of the page or the GoFundMe account.

    “We are shaken but stand ready to provide support and care to the family, to Howard students and staff, and to all of those affected by this senseless act,” the school district said in a statement. “We ask that you do the same.”

    (Bản dịch đăng tại Thế Giới Quanh Ta)
  4. Seoul Says North Korea’s Launch of a Missile
    Appears to Have Failed

    By Associated Press


    The launch attempt was timed with the birthday the communist nation's founder, Kim Il Sung

    (SEOUL) — A North Korean launch of a missile on the birthday of its revered founder appears to have failed, South Korea’s Defense Ministry said Friday.

    The ministry provided few details of the launch, which comes as the two Koreas trade threats amid Pyongyang’s anger over annual South Korean-U.S. military drills that North Korea calls a rehearsal for an invasion. Leader Kim Jong Un is also preparing for a major ruling party meeting next month that analysts believe he will use to further solidify his autocratic rule.

    The North has fired a slew of missiles and artillery shells into the sea in an apparent protest against the drills. The Defense Ministry said it wasn’t immediately known whether the missile fired Friday morning was a short-range or mid-range missile. The North’s launch came amid speculation in the South that its rival was preparing to test a medium-range missile with a range of 3,500 kilometers (2,180 miles) — enough to reach U.S. military installments in Japan and Guam. Foreign experts have nicknamed the missile “Musudan” after the village in the northeast where North Korea has a Launchpad.

    Friday is the birthday anniversary of Kim Il Sung, the current leader’s grandfather and the nation’s founder. North Korea has occasionally used such celebrations to stage nuclear or missile tests that outsiders consider provocations.
    (Bản dịch đăng tại Thế Giới Quanh Ta)
  5. Should You Be Eating Bugs Instead of Meat?
    By Mandy Oaklander


    Crickets have as much protein as pork—if you eat enough of them

    A global protein shortage is prophesied for the coming decades, but bugs are flying in to the rescue. Insects can be raised using way less water and energy than traditional livestock, and they emit a fraction of the greenhouse gases (though they may not be as eco-friendly as is often repeated).

    Insects are also a promising source of protein. But are they healthier than beef, pork and chicken? A team of researchers wanted to find out, so they conducted the first nutritional comparison of meats: the kind you squash in the bathroom, and the kind you eat in a burger. They graded mealworms, crickets, honeybee larvae, palm weevils, silkworms and caterpillars against chicken, beef and pork. “Most of the meat that we eat is fairly similar in terms of nutritional composition,” says Charlotte Payne, research associate at the University of Oxford and co-author of the study published in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. “But the insects that people eat are incredibly different.”

    Think you can tell which insects are healthier than meat? Test your knowledge with the quiz below, based on the findings of the study.

    (Xem các câu trắc nghiệm có trong bản dịch đăng tại Thế Giới Quanh Ta)
    (Bản dịch đăng tại Thế Giới Quanh Ta)
  6. 6.9-Magnitude Earthquake Strikes Burma

    By Associated Press

    The earthquake was also felt in parts of eastern India and Bangladesh

    (YANGON, Burma) — A strong earthquake struck Burma on Wednesday night and was felt in parts of eastern India and Bangladesh. There were no immediate reports of injuries or damage.

    The magnitude-6.9 quake struck at a depth of 135 kilometers (84 miles), 396 kilometers (246 miles) north of Burma capital, Naypyidaw, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. Residents in Burma’s main city of Yangon panicked after the quake struck, but authorities there said there were no immediate reports of injuries or damage.

    An Associated Press journalist who was in a hospital in Yangon at the time of the quake said the seven-story building shook strongly twice, for at least a minute. Many people in the hospital, including patients, staff and visitors, ran out of the building and began calling their loved ones. The quake, centered in the jungle and hills northwest of Mandalay, Burma’s second-biggest city, was felt in the eastern Indian states of Assam and West Bengal.

    The tremors were felt in Assam’s Kaziranga area, where the Duke and the Duchess of Cambridge are visiting during their royal tour of India. People also reported feeling the quake in Bangladesh’s capital, Dhaka, 484 kilometers (300 miles) from the epicenter.
    (Bản dịc đăng tại Thế Giới Quanh Ta)
  7. Scientists Discover a Rare Planet That Has 3 Stars

    By Melissa Chan

    Researchers say it'll help them better understand triple-star systems

    Scientists have discovered a planet outside of Earth’s solar system that boasts a rare three stars,new research shows.

    The planet, called KELT-4Ab, is what NASA calls a “hot Jupiter”—or a gas giant, like Jupiter, but one that is much hotter and with an orbit that takes it much closer to its stars. The alien planet at the center of a study published February in The Astronomical Journal has a triple-star system and hosts a stable planet, which astronomers have only seen three times before, according to the WashingtonPost.

    Scientists were under the impression that KELT-4Ab only had two stars. They learned that one of the original stars is actually a pair of stars orbiting one another. The findings are valuable in the astronomy world because one of the stars is relatively close to Earth and bright, which will give scientists more insight into the dynamics in a three-star system, the researchers say.
    (Bản dịch đăng tại Thế Giới Quanh Ta)
  8. Saudi-Led Coalition Says It Will Adhere to Yemen Cease-Fire
    By Ahmed al-Haj / AP

    Clashes were reported just hours before the truce went into effect

    (SANAA, Yemen) — The Saudi-led coalition that has been bombing Yemen’s Houthi rebels for more than a year said it will adhere to a cease-fire that took effect just before midnight Sunday, and the rebels also pledged to halt hostilities.

    The coalition said in a statement carried by the official Saudi Press Agency that it retains the right to respond to any violations of the cease-fire, but that it intends to halt all airstrikes and hostilities in preparation for U.N.-sponsored peace talks scheduled to take place in Kuwait on April 18. The Houthis later issued their own statement in which they promised to abide by the cease-fire while reserving the right to respond to any potential violations. There have been previous rounds of cease-fires between the warring sides. This latest attempt, announced by the U.N. envoy to Yemen last month, is scheduled to begin at 11:59 p.m. (2059 GMT) Sunday.

    Just hours before the cease-fire was to go into effect, Yemeni security officials said clashes were going on between the Shiite Houthi rebels and forces allied with the internationally recognized government that is backed by the Saudi-led coalition. The officials said Sunday’s clashes took place in several areas, including the provinces of Jawf, Sanaa, and Taiz, where the Houthis have gained ground despite Saudi-led airstrikes. The officials, who are neutral in a conflict that has split the armed forces, spoke anonymously because they were not authorized to brief reporters. The Saudi-led coalition, comprised of mostly Arab countries, launched its campaign against Yemen’s Houthis in March 2015, several months after the Houthis overran the capital Sanaa and forced the internationally-backed government into exile. Since then, more than 6,000 people in Yemen have been killed. Sporadic cross-border shelling also has killed and wounded civilians in Saudi Arabia.
    (Bản dịch đăng tại Thế Giới Quanh Ta)
  9. There Are Now Four Women Vying to Become
    the First Female U.N. Secretary-General

    By Nash Jenkins


    Former New Zealand prime minister Helen Clark is the latest to throw her hat into the ring

    The government of New Zealand hasnominatedthe country’s former prime minister, Helen Clark, for the role of Secretary-General of the United Nations. She becomes the fourth female candidate for the U.N.’s top job, alongside UNESCO’s Bulgarian head Irina Bokova, former Croatian foreign minister Vesna Pusić, and former Moldovan foreign minister Natalia Gherman. If any of the four are chosen to succeed current Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, who is opting not topursuean unprecedented third term, they will be the first woman to hold the position.

    Clark, who currently heads the U.N. Development Programme (UNDP), said in a statement that to be nominated by New Zealand’s government was a “great honor,” the New Zealand Herald reported. “It is an extremely challenging position but I’m used to that,” she said of the Secretary-General job. “My whole adult life has seen me progressively stepping up to leadership challenges.”

    Clark’s entrance into the race will place additional pressure on the selection committee to appoint a woman,The Guardianreports. Four months ago, prominent U.N. officials penned a joint letter to the organization’s 193 member states specifically calling for the nomination of female candidates for the Secretary-General spot.
    (Bản dịch đăng tại Thế Giới Quanh Ta)
  10. Twitter Can Help You Quit Smoking: Study
    By Katie Reilly


    The study tested a Twitter-based support group program

    A Twitter-based intervention program can be twice as effective as traditional methods at helping people to quit smoking, anew studyshows.

    Funded by the National Institutes of Health and conducted by researchers at University of California at Irvine and Stanford University, the study aimed to examine how peer interaction on social media affects people who are trying to quit smoking and avoid relapses. The findings showed that 40% of people who used the program, called Tweet2Quit, reported sustained cessation over 60 days, compared to 20% of people who used traditional methods.

    Tweet2Quit establishes small Twitter-based support groups whose participants receive daily automated messages encouraging them to contribute to the online discussion, including,“What will you do when you feel the urge to smoke?” Researchers said the results confirm that support networks are valuable in aiding quitting efforts, and the study also indicates the potential utility of social media as an effective intervention tool.

    “Because of the low cost and high scalability of social media, Tweet2Quit has tremendous potential to deliver low-cost tobacco treatments on a global scale,”saidCornelia Pechmann, professor of marketing at UC, in a press release.
    (Bản dịch đăng tại Thế Giơi Quanh Ta)
  11. Azerbaijan Announces Unilateral Cease-Fire
    Against Separatist Region

    By Aida Sultanova / AP


    But fighting continued on both sides

    (BAKU, Azerbaijan) — Azerbaijan’s Defense Ministry announced a unilateral cease-fire Sunday against the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh, but rebel forces in the area said that they continued to come under fire from Azerbaijani forces. Fighting in what was a dormant conflict for two decades flared up over the weekend with a boy and at least 30 troops killed on both sides. Each side blamed the other for Saturday’s escalation, the worst since the end of a full-scale war in 1994.

    The Defense Ministry said, in response to pleas from international organizations, it will be unilaterally “suspending a counter-offensive and response on the territories occupied by Armenia.” The ministry added it will not focus on fortifying the territory that Azerbaijan has “liberated.” It did not elaborate. Nagorno-Karabakh, a region in Azerbaijan, has been under the control of local ethnic Armenian forces and the Armenian military since a war ended in 1994 with no resolution of the region’s status. The conflict is fueled by long-simmering tensions between Christian Armenians and mostly Muslim Azeris.

    Armenian forces also occupy several areas outside Nagorno-Karabakh proper. The sides are separated by a demilitarized buffer zone, but small clashes have broken out frequently. Earlier Sunday, a spokesman for Azerbaijan’s Defense Ministry, Vagif Dargyakhly, said Azerbaijani positions came under fire overnight and that civilian areas also were hit. On Saturday, Armenia said 18 soldiers were killed and Azerbaijan reported 12 dead. Footage from the village of Gapanli, over 250 kilometers east of Baku, on the Azerbaijani side, showed Grad multiple missile launchers firing rounds from the field

    Officials in the self-proclaimed republic of Nagorno-Karabakh promptly disputed the reports of the unilateral cease-fire, saying that the town of Martakert has been heavily shelled all day despite Azerbaijan’s pledge. David Babayan, spokesman for the Karabakh president, told The Associated Press on Sunday that they had not seen any signs that fighting was suspended: “The situation is quite the opposite.” The defense ministry of Nagorno-Karabakh on Sunday also claimed to have restored control over a strategic area near the front line. It said Nagorno-Karabakh forces went on a counter-offensive around the village of Talish after Azerbaijani forces shelled their positions just before dawn. Two Karabakh troops were reported injured.

    It also said Azerbaijan was using rockets, artillery and armor against the region. The self-proclaimed officials in Karabakh, however, said they will be ready to discuss a cease-fire with Azerbaijan as long as their respective positions on the ground are restored. Armenia’s deputy defense minister at a Sunday briefing with military attaches based in Yerevan said Armenia will be ready to send troops to Karabakh “if necessary.” Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan vowed Sunday to back its ally Azerbaijan in the conflict, saying that the flare-up could have been avoided if “fair and decisive steps” had been taken.

    “We pray our Azerbaijani brothers will prevail in these clashes with the least casualties,” he said. The unresolved conflict has been an economic blow to Armenia because Turkey has closed its border with Armenia.
    (Bản dịch đăng tại Thế Giới Quanh Ta)
  12. More People Are Now Obese
    Than Underweight, Study Finds

    By lexandra Sifferlin​

    A fifth of adults globally will be obese by 2025, study projects

    The number ofobesepeople around the world has increased dramatically in the past 40 years, and now tops the number of people who are underweight, according to anew study.

    The study, published in the journal The Lancet, looked at global, regional and national body mass index patterns among adults from 1975 to 2014, and found 641 million obese people in 2014, compared to 105 million in 1975. Over the same time period, the proportion of obese men worldwide has more than tripled and the proportion of obese women has more than doubled. The number of people who are underweight has fallen slightly.

    Based on these findings, the researchers estimated that in nine years, a fifth of all adults globally and 40% of American adults will be obese. “Over the past 40 years, we have changed from a world in which underweight prevalence was more than double that of obesity, to one in which more people are obese than underweight,”said study author Majid Ezzati from the School of Public Health at Imperial College London in a statement. The researchers add that being underweight continues to be a problem in poor areas, especially in South Asia and East Africa.

    “Present interventions and policies have not been able to stop the rise in BMI in most countries,” the study authors conclude. “To avoid an epidemic of severe obesity, the next step must be to implement these policies, and to systematically assess their effect.”
    (Bản dịch đăng tại Thế Giới Quanh Ta)
  13. Here’s How You Could Sleep in an Underwater
    Bedroom Surrounded by Sharks
    By: Victor Luckerson


    Plus, you get a trip to Paris

    There’s now a non-lethal way to sleep with the fishes.Airbnbis hosting acontestfor some brave souls to sleep in an underwater bedroom at a shark aquarium in Paris. The submerged chamber boasts a 360-degree view of the aquarium and will be surrounded by 35 sharks.

    To enter, contestants must write an essay up to 550 words explaining why they deserve to live among sharks. Submissions are due by 11:59 p.m. CET on April 3, and Airbnb will host a winner and a guest for three straight nights from April 11 to April 13. The prize also includes a flight to France, a tour of the Aquarium de Paris, and breakfast if the winner survives until the next morning.

    The aquatic evening will be hosted by Fred Buyle, a freediver who will do some dancing with the sharks, which is apparently a safe thing to do. The main rule for the winners: no selfies after dark, because sharks are sensitive to light.
    (Bản dịch đăng tai Thế Giới Quanh Ta)
  14. See NASA’s New Photo of a Frozen ‘Lake’ on Pluto

    By Katie Reilly


    It appears to be a frozen former lake of liquid nitrogen

    Millions or billions of years ago, liquids might have pooled on the surface of Pluto, a new photograph captured by NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft shows.

    The image, captured by the spacecraft on July 14 and published by NASA on Thursday, appears to show a frozen former lake of liquid nitrogen situated in a mountain range, NASA said in apost about the photo. The lake is as much as 20 miles wide at one point. “In addition to this possible former lake, we also see evidence of channels that may also have carried liquids in Pluto’s past,” said Alan Stern, principal investigator of New Horizons, in a post published by NASA.
    (Bản dịch đăng tại Thế Giới Quanh Ta)
  15. How a Vegetarian Diet Could Help Save the Planet

    By Justin Worland


    And save trillions of dollars

    Evangelists of vegetarian and vegan diets are quick to cite growing evidencethat reducing meat consumption improves human health in attempt to win over converts. Likewise, climate change activists often cite the strain that animal products place on the environment to advocate for changed practices.

    Now,new researchpublished in the journalPNAScombines the two perspectives to show that the widespread adoption of vegetarian and vegan diets could save millions of lives and trillion of dollars. “There is huge potential,” says study author Marco Springmann, a researcher at Oxford University, “from a health perspective, an environmental perspective and an economic perspective, really.”

    Researchers assessed four different scenarios with humans consuming varying levels of meat to evaluate the links between diet, health and the environment. The lowest level of meat consumption—widespread adoption of the vegan diet—could help avoid more than 8 million deaths by 2050, according to the study. A vegetarian diet would save 7.3 million lives. The environmental impacts of a dietary shift could be just as dramatic, according to the researchers.Livestock aloneaccount for more than 14% of global greenhouse gas emissions, and by 2050 the food sector could account for half if cuts are implemented in other sectors along the lines thatcountries have committed to doing. A vegan or vegetarian diet could cut those emissions by 70% and 63%, respectively.

    Changing dietary patterns could save $1 trillion annually by preventing health care costs and lost productivity. That figure balloons to as much as $30 trillion annually when also considering the economic value of lost life. And that doesn’t even include the economic benefits of avoiding devastatingextreme weather eventsthat could result from climate change. Placing a dollar value on the benefits of the vegetarian diet could play a significant role in public policy on these issues, according Springmann. Policymakers often conduct cost-benefit analyses before implementing new rules and the new research could provide them with a starting point for accounting for the economic benefits of policies to wean the world off meat.

    The study also illustrates how the benefits of changing dietary patterns vary from region to region. Some areas—namely, East Asia, Latin America and Western high-income countries—benefited from reduced red meat consumption. Others in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa will benefit the most from increased fruit and vegetable intake. Those details could help policymakers create narrowly targeted policies, researchers say.
    (Bản dịch đăng tại Thế Giới Quanh Ta)